Sri Lanka

  • Income group: lower middle income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.656
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 18,394
  • Population: 20,277,597
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Detailed adaptation plan
  • Medium-low climate risk
Vision Statement

Five major broader adaptation targets identified [including] safeguarding natural resources and biodiversity from climate change impacts.

Empirical evidence from Sri Lanka on NbS effectiveness

Articles about NbS from Sri Lanka

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Highly vulnerable groups
  • Transport / infrastructure
  • Tourism
  • Settlements in general
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
  • Broad type of hybrid action
    • Climate Smart Agriculture
    • Resilient water infrastructure \n / water management
    • Resilient tourism
    • Resilient settlements
    • Resilient urban settlements

Current Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

In addition, Forestry Sector Master Plan 1995-2020 and National REDD Strategy are two important initiatives towards enrichment of forest cover.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Promote traditional methods of biodiversity conservation for increased resilience in agro-ecosystems.

Improve protection and conservation measures in all drinking water catchment areas.

Introduce suitable soil and water conservation practices for other marginal areas to minimize land degradation and to improve the land and water productivity.

Restoration, conservation and managing coral, sea grass, mangroves and sand dunes in sensitive areas.

Survey and mapping of coastal habitats (Coral, Sea grass, Mangroves and Sand Dunes) for entire coastal region, on Survey Department compatible method.

Scientifically identify suitable sites for conservation, rehabilitation and restoration.

Conduct pilot projects at high priority sites.

Restoration of degraded areas inside and outside the protected area network to enhance resilience.

Increasing connectivity through corridors, landscape/matrix improvement and management.

Improve management, and consider increasing the extent of protected areas, buffer zones and create new areas in vulnerable zones.

Identify biodiversity hotpots in Sri Lanka and upgrade them.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Establishment of 1000 ha of coastal forests and green belt along the island.