Indirect Actions

Indirect adaptation actions, sometimes referred to as “soft” measures, focus on information/education, policy and capacity building at individual, community and institutional level. They can be viewed as actions that enable behavioural change to minimise losses from specific hazards such as insurance against extreme weather events and the development of early warning systems for floods or droughts. Indirect actions may also enhance people’s overall resilience to a range of climate impacts through, for example, education and capacity building in communities most at risk from climate change. Scroll down to find out which nations include indirect actions in the adaptation component of their NDCs.

Indirect actions are almost universal in NDCs

Of the 251 NDCs with an adaptation component, 94% include indirect actions.

Indirect actions are almost universal in NDCs

Pledges to undertake climate change research and monitoring (76%) and deliver disaster risk reduction (e.g. warning systems) (68%) are commonly cited.

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