Brunei Darussalam

  • Income group: high income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.777
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 9,109
  • Population: 393,162
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Some detail in adaptation plan
  • Low climate risk
Vision Statement

One of the principal goals of Wawasan Brunei 2035 is to protect its people and their future livelihoods; enhancing climate resilience and adapting to climate change plays a major role in achieving this. Protecting both terrestrial and marine biodiversity of the country’s ecosystem is also a priority for the Government of Brunei Darussalam, as demonstrated by its integration into national development plans.

Empirical evidence from Brunei Darussalam on NbS effectiveness

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Forestry
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
    • Economy
    • Livelihood security
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Investment in climate change research / monitoring
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Institutional capacity building
    • Community capacity building
    • Raising public awareness

Current Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Designation of 150,000 hectares of Marine Protected Area (MPA) under the Fisheries Act (1972); the aim of the act is to protect and conserve the marine ecosystem within the coral.

Top-down approaches include legislation and regulations in the land use sector, such as restrictions and reduced-scale on logging activities which include limiting tree numbers to be cut in designated zones, the height of those trees and setting a minimum distance from a river where trees can be felled (which provides protection against flooding due to preserving soil quality around the rivers). The authorities carry out aerial monitoring as well as planned and random forest patrols, in addition to dedicated border inspections.

Awareness raising activities such campaigns in schools and communities, along with initiatives like “International Day of Forests”

The Universiti Brunei Darussalam conduct and undertake research projects on biodiversity in climate change, as well as through its collaboration with renowned international universities under International Consortium of Universities for the Study of Biodiversity and the Environment (iCUBE).