• Income group: low income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.813
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 3,077
  • Population: 20,696,070
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Detailed adaptation plan
  • Medium-high climate risk
Vision Statement

[…] the choice of the identified adaptation sectors (agriculture, coastal zone management, human health), as well as ecosystem based adaptation approach (forests, mangroves, biodiversity, water resources) can have significant benefits on the mitigation.

Empirical evidence from Madagascar on NbS effectiveness

Articles about NbS from Madagascar

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Transport / infrastructure
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
    • Protect natural capital / ecosystem services
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Investment in climate change research / monitoring
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Raising public awareness
    • Health research / action
    • Resilient livelihoods

Current Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Development of Resilient Agriculture Integrated Model pilot projects/programmes (combination of watershed management, selected/adapted varieties, locally-produced compost, rehabilitation of hydro-agricultural infrastructures, input access facilitation system, conservation agriculture, and agroforestry) or “climate-smart agriculture”.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Implementation of ecosystem-based adaptation to cope with sand-hill progression (multiple causes but phenomena aggravated by climate change) by leveraging research findings and best practices.

 Restoration of natural forests and reinforcement of habitat connectivity.

 Identification and sustainable management of climate refuge areas inside and outside protected areas.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Restoration of forests and mangroves: 45,000 ha