• Income group: low income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.527
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 609
  • Population: 9,797,000
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Some detail in adaptation plan
  • Climate risk not assessed

Empirical evidence from Somalia on NbS effectiveness

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Highly vulnerable groups
  • Forestry
  • Rural population
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Livelihood security
    • Protect natural capital / ecosystem services
  • Broad type of indirect action
    • Investment in climate change research / monitoring
    • Disaster risk reduction
    • Community capacity building
    • Raising public awareness
    • Resilient livelihoods

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Introduce integrated land use management (rangeland, reforestation, agro-forestry and watershed management) planning principles to district and community stakeholders.

The objective of this proposal is to initiate the domestication of economically important indigenous species and to introduce, test and disseminate equally important species from areas with similar agro-ecological conditions. This initiative would enable the farming communities in different ecological zones to cultivate, use and market the products of these species.

In order to assure success and sustainability, the local farmers and communities will be involved in the planning and the selection of priority species in their area. 

In order to restore the Marine and Coastal Environment of Somalia, including the replanting of mangroves, protecting marine species, preventing and halting coastal mining stones for urban construction through environmental policy, legal and regulatory actions, mass media awareness, arranging workshops, seminars and meetings to build up the capacity of the coastal communities to contribute to sustainable development of coastal and marine resources and to through remedial action regain depleted resources.

Rehabilitation and reinstatement of degraded ecosystems, in particular rangeland areas, forests and areas with a high potential for cultivation, to provide sustainable grazing, forestry products, and agriculturally productive zones.

The potential remedial actions to overcome the deforestation and rangeland degradation are reforestation using regional nurseries and forest plantation using indigenous and introduced suitable tree species.