Intended adaptation outcomes

Nations varied in terms of their reasons for developing an adaptation plan. While some highlight the need to reduce risks from extreme events, others emphasise the need to secure food and/or water supplies or protect biodiversity and ecosystem services. Scroll down to explore how the intended outcome of adaptation planning as described in the NDCs varies by region and income grouping.

Protecting biodiversity is one of the top five reasons given for adaptation planning in the NDCs

The top two reasons given for adaptation planning are to increase resilience to climate change (highlighted in 92% of the 141 NDCs with adaptation plans) and reduces risks from disasters (85%). Meanwhile, 75% declare that action is needed to protect biodiversity and/or ecosystems from climate change. As such the protection of nature ranks alongside protection of food (77%) and water security (76%) and above protection of human health (63%) and the economy (62%).

Tropical nations commonly state that adaptation planning is needed to protect biodiversity

There was no obvious evidence of variation among income groups in terms of motives for adaptation planning. However, by exploring the map below you will see that nations in Africa, Asia and Pacific, Latin America and West Asia commonly emphasise protecting biodiversity and/or ecosystem services as reason for adaptation planning (scroll down).

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