Intended adaptation outcomes

Nations varied in terms of their reasons for developing an adaptation plan. While some highlight the need to reduce risks from extreme events, others emphasise the need to secure food and/or water supplies or protect biodiversity and ecosystem services. Scroll down to explore how the intended outcome of adaptation planning as described in the NDCs varies by region and income grouping.

Protecting biodiversity is among the top four reasons given for adaptation planning in the NDCs

The top reasons given for adaptation planning are to increase resilience to climate change (highlighted in 89% of the 251 NDCs which address adaptation), followed by the need for protection against extreme events (83%), water security (79%) and to protect biodiversity and/or ecosystems from climate change (78%). Meanwhile food security (77%) is also a highly mentioned reason.

NDCs from Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean commonly state that adaptation planning is needed to protect biodiversity

The protection of biodiversity and/or ecosystem services is highly mentioned as a reason for adaptation planning in these regions (81% of Latin American and Caribbean and 80% of African NDCs with adaptation components). It is also the second top reason for adaptation planning in Europe (75% of European NDCs).

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