• Income group: lower middle income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.43
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 722
  • Population: 818,159
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Detailed adaptation plan
  • Medium climate risk
Vision Statement

The priority objectives are also linked to the country’s social priorities: Protection of biodiversity;
Reinforcement of the resilience of rural populations. 

As the country contains a number of already weakened ecosystems, any work done to improve food security and water resources management will need to endeavour to preserve the environment from a perspective of sustainable development.

Empirical evidence from Djibouti on NbS effectiveness

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Rural population
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Protect against extreme events / disasters
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Human well-being / health
    • Sustainable development / green growth
  • Broad type of hybrid action
    • Coastal / marine
    • Climate Smart Agriculture
    • Resilient water infrastructure \n / water management
    • Resilient rural settlements

Current Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Support programme to reduce vulnerability in coastal fishing areas (PRAREV-PÊCHE). The programme’s overarching objective is to support the populations in rural coastal zones affected by climate change in order to improve their resilience, reduce their vulnerability to such changes and promote the co-management of marine resources. The rehabilitation of mangroves will enhance their role as a shield for coastal protection against the tides and erosion. In addition, the restoration of coral reefs and mangroves will generate additional revenue through the development of ecotourism activities.
Implementation of priority NAPA actions to strengthen resilience in Djibouti’s most vulnerable coastal zones
The project will adopt an integrated approach that combines local actions to improve the resilience of the communities and the ecosystems with central actions to remove any key political and institutional obstacles. The project includes activities grouped together into three components, corresponding to the priorities defined in the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA): i) policy; ii) ecosystem rehabilitation; and iii) climate forecasts and the prevention of catastrophes. Launched in 2011, this project focuses on two rural coastal communities, Khor Angar and Damerjog.

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Implementing Adaptation Technologies in the Fragile Ecosystems of the Tadjourah and Hanlé Plains
The project’s objective is to set up climate change adaptation measures to protect and enhance the resilience of the local communities and the ecosystems in the Tadjourah and Hanlé Regions. Component 1: Protection against water-related climate change; Component 2: Rehabilitation of ecosystems (plant cover in Hanlé and Tadjourah, and mangroves in the coastal zone of Tadjourah); Component 3: Sustainable, resistant means of subsistence; Component 4: Incorporation of adaptation to climate change as part of the development and resilience of the communities.