• Income group: upper middle income
  • National biodiversity index: 0.431
  • CO2 emissions (kilotons): 168,444
  • Population: 33,330,000
  • NDC submitted by nation
  • Some detail in adaptation plan
  • Low climate risk
Vision Statement

The focus is […] to promote and protect the protected areas…
National efforts towards incentives to increase the resilience of the overall biodiversity are derived from climate change.

Empirical evidence from Iraq on NbS effectiveness

    Stated Vulnerabilites

  • Agriculture / livestock
  • Water
  • Health and wellbeing
  • Biodiversity / ecosystems
  • Fisheries
  • Forestry
  • Tourism
  • Adaptation Outcomes
    • Increase resilience / reduce risk
    • Food security
    • Water security
    • Protect biodiversity / ecosystems
    • Economy
    • Sustainable development / green growth

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

A network of protected areas with channels providing migration and propagation routes for animals and plants.

To increase the flexibility of new protected areas at the same time, it is important to achieve a set of goals such as:
Establishment of buffer zones and protected areas

Reduction of habitat fragmentation

Conservation of the genetic diversity of local species

Planned Nature-based Action in Adaptation Plan

Establishment of approximately 12 national reserves up to 2020; 17% of Iraq’s total.