Nature-based Solutions

Nature-based Solutions are actions that involve working with and enhancing natural habitats for societal good, for example through restoration, management and protection. Humans have worked with nature to buffer against the impact of environmental change impacts for millennia. However, only recently has awareness grown that nature can provide a cost-effective way of adapting to climate change whilst also protecting the ecosystem services on which we depend. As you will discover, many countries recognise that nature is a major part of the solution to the effects of climate change. However, this vision for adaptation is not always followed up with relevant actions based on science

Nature-based solutions in the revised NDCs

Global map of NbS in NDCs
105NbS in revised Nationally determined Contributions (red dot = term “nature-based” explicitly mentioned)

Ecosystem focus vs NBS


The protection, restoration and/ or afforestation of terrestrial forests or woodlands is still the most commonly implemented or planned NbS adaptation action (63%). This is followed by coastal and marine habitats and river catchments (including wetlands). Far fewer nations plan to restore and protect montane habitats and grasslands or rangelands.

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