Nature-based Solutions are actions that involve working with and enhancing natural habitats for societal good, for example through restoration, management and protection. Humans have worked with nature to buffer against the impact of environmental change impacts for millennia. However, only recently has awareness grown that nature can provide the most cost-effective way of adapting to climate change whilst also protecting the ecosystem services on which we depend. As you will discover, many countries recognise that nature is a major part of the solution to the effects of climate change. However, this vision for adaptation is not always followed up with relevant actions based on science. Scroll down to find out more.
NBS vs income group
Ecosystem focus vs NBS
66% of Paris Agreement signatories commit to restoring or protecting ecosystems in their NDCs
Of 167 NDC, 103 include commitments to working with natural ecosystems in their adaptation plans, while an additional 27 describe NbS actions in their mitigation plans (76 nations include NbS actions in both their adaptation and mitigation plans). Nature-based Solutions were particularly prominent in the adaptation plans of low or lower-middle income tropical and subtropical nations (explore these patterns on the map below).
Which ecosystems are prioritised for nature-based adaptation action?
The most commonly implemented or planned NbS adaptation action is the protection, restoration and/or afforestation of terrestrial forests or woodlands, coastal and marine habitats, and river catchments (including wetlands). Far rarer, overall, are plans to restore and protect montane habitats or grasslands and rangelands.
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