Links between mitigation and adaptation actions

The Paris Agreement’s goal explicitly links adaptation to the mitigation goal of limiting global temperature rise to below 2 degrees C (3.6 degrees F). The implication is that if mitigation activities limit global temperature rise, less adaptation will be required. Scroll down to explore the extent to which mitigation and adaptation actions were linked in the NDCs.

Synergies between mitigation and adaptation actions

A total of 80 NDCs have some degree of integration between mitigation and adaptation, whether stating a common vision of low carbon, climate resilient development or recognising that actions for mitigation objectives could provide climate resilience benefits and vice versa. Out of these, 46 NDCs explicitly recognise synergies between mitigation and adaptation whether in the form of describing low carbon or climate resilience co-benefits of proposed actions, strategies for maximising these co-benefits or actions to ‘future proof’ mitigation investments given projected climate impacts. However, only 17 nations seek to address adaptation and mitigation in concert (e.g. Bolivia, El Salvador and Nepal), or have sections in their adaptation components explicitly highlighting the mitigation co-benefits of adaptation action (e.g. Bahrain, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates).

Synergies between mitigation and adaptation actions

A greater proportion of nations with greater risks from climate change linked mitigation and adaptation in their NDCs, and included Nature-based Solutions in their mitigation plans. Dominica states “there is little distinction between adaptation and mitigation measures – an integrated response is being implemented to build climate resilience in vulnerable communities, while enabling Green Growth through the transition to sustainable energy technologies” and Bolivia “considers that the joint approach between mitigation and adaptation in the context of overall development plans, is the only way to systematically address climate change".

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