Adaptation targets and costs

Compared to mitigation where there is substantial effort to measure and monitor progress towards country targets much less headway has been made on measuring and tracking adaptation. Without specific, measurable targets and suitable indicators, progress towards broad adaptation goals cannot be assessed. As you will discover by exploring the maps, country fact sheets and graphs below, while many countries articulate a theoretical commitment to adaptation actions this rarely translates into clear targets. Even where measurable targets are set, it is unclear whether these draw on the best available science and local knowledge or whether they will be sufficient to meet the adaptation needs of the communities and ecosystems involved.

Overview of adaptation targets set in the NDCs

Most nations do not set measurable adaptation targets in their NDCs

For example, of 70 nations including ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) actions, only 18 provide time-bound and/or quantitative targets. Of those only 12 are broadly measurable and so could be tracked in theory. Measurable targets generally involve the protection or restoration of specific areas of habitat within given timeframes. For example, Bolivia states that it will “increase forest areas with integrated and sustainable community management approaches with 16.9 million hectares in 2030, in reference to 3.1 million hectares by 2010”. The remaining NDCs have targets that are more difficult to measure. For example, Guinea-Bissau aims to “develop a national reforestation and sustainable management of forest and agro forestry ecosystems programme by 2025”.

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